The differences of the cannabis active ingredients

CBD and THC are the most common natural cannabis active ingredients, also called cannabinoids. They are chemically almost identical and have numerous similarities, but also have major differences.


Properties of CBD and THC


stands for CannaBiDiol

has no intoxicating "psychotropic" effect
has gentle physical effects: relaxing, calming, sleep stabilizing
has an external anti-inflammatory effect on the skin
can reduce the feeling of hunger
has "antipsychotic" effects i.e. against paranoid, anxiety, mental confusion
according to the European Court of Justice it is not a narcotic drug and cannot cause addiction


stands for Tetra-Hydro-Cannabinol

has strong psychotropic effects: intoxicating, euphoric, appetite increasing
can have temporary strong physical side effects such as drying of the mucous membranes of the mouth and eyes, movement disorders, strong changes in perception, fatigue, reaction weakness, etc.
can temporarily cause symptoms of psychosis
despite very low risk of addiction, is internationally considered to be an addictive drug

Health benefits

CBD is considered the little sister of THC. It has a gentler effect and is well tolerated even in very high doses. THC, on the other hand, can kick in quite strongly even in small amounts. But both are considered to have great medicinal value and are completely non-toxic to the body. Their health abilities have been intensively researched since the late 1990s.

Common effects

  • anti-inflammatory
  • nerve-protective
  • muscle relaxing
  • sleep improving

Effects of CBD

  • anticonvulsant, effective against epilepsy
  • reduces restlessness and anxiety
  • acts against inflammatory skin diseases
  • can lower blood sugar
  • can alleviate sleep disorders
  • relieves pain (e.g. rheumatism and arthritis)

Effects of THC

  • strongly analgesic (e.g. tumor pain)
  • strong appetite stimulant
  • strongly sleep-inducing
  • lowers blood pressure
  • suppresses nausea
  • alleviates severe nervous disorders (e.g. Tourette's, Parkinson's)